Ancient Near East Image Archive

data dictionary

A mapping of data elements from the Ancient Near East Image Archive to Dublin Core
Updated July 22, 1999

Metadata Liaison: Mary St. Germain

Ancient Near East

Dublin Core

Authority file




A brief descriptive phrase. The title is a concise phrase that will appear as the label of the thumbnails. Title may be the title provided by the contributor.

Note: A good approach would be to use the name of the object plus the site name plus either a generic name or the geographic orientation of the smaller portion.


TITLE: Great Pyramid, west face

TITLE: Aswan, unfinished obelisk,

TITLE: Great Pyramid, sarcophagus





Larger architectural object or location of which the object is a part (Notes: 1) Not all objects are part of sites; 2) Site may include named neighborhoods or city names—please do not duplicate city name in SITE; 3) Site may be assigned twice if appropriate using the form: Site 1; Site 2

Examples: Valley of the Kings (Egypt); Karnak (Egypt); Thebes (Egypt : Extinct city); Tell Qiri Site (Israel)



Type of view: AAT Views in Visual Works hierarchy (use singular form)

Object: AAT (singular or plural depending on what is in image)

Add significant information in a concise form. The type of object should be specified.

Examples: Entrance; Obelisk; Tomb wall; Tomb ceiling

The view may be shown if it is not clear.

Examples: Aerial view; Exterior view; Interior view; Detail

The orientation of the view may be added if needed for clarity:

Either the compass point orientation or orientation in relation to another object

Examples: East; West wall; West colonade

Note: do not duplicate information in different aspects (e.g., Interior view of interior wall)




Include the appropriate level of country, city and neighborhood where an object is located

Examples: Egypt—Cairo—Giza; Egypt—Alexandria

Original political entity



The political entity under which the structure was originally built, if known

Examples: Assyria; Canaan; Phoenicia; Minoan Crete

Exhibition site



For smaller items held in museums, etc., the name of the institution in which the item is normally held and/or a special exhibition in which it was shown

Examples: Ashmolean Museum;

Historical Period for Date of Construction


The period and/or century of which a structure is most commonly considered representative. The century is a close as dating of ancient structures is likely to get.

The name of the period of rule and if possible the appropriate dynasty or family would be the most informative choice. If known, the smaller period is preferable.

Examples: Egypt - Old Kingdom, ca 2686-ca 2181 B.C.; Egypt – New Kingdom – 18th dynasty.

Use a question mark after the date to indicate approximate, probable or uncertain dates.

Object/Building Name



The proper name given to the specific object or building represented in the image in authorized form when available. The intent is to provide a consistent, uniform name as a search point, as opposed to the TITLE field, which is an uncontrolled, descriptive phrase. (Note: TITLE will often be a common English language phrase; OBJECT/BUILDING NAME will often be the official, vernacular name in the language of the country where the object is located.)


TITLE: Cheops Pyramid




AAT Materials hierarchy (use singular form)

AAT Built Environment hierarchy (use the plural form)

AAT Furnishings and Equipment hierarchy (use the plural form), the AAT Agents Facet (use the plural form), and the AAT Visual Works hierarchy (use the plural form)


For multiples subjects, use the form: Subject 1; Subject 2.

The materials, i.e. physical substance or physical qualities of the object

Examples: Limestone; Diorite; Soapstone.

The physical or purposive form of the object (Note: this will generally be a building type.)

Examples: Royal tombs; Pyramids (tombs); Treasuries.

Material culture:

Objects made or used by

people, especially the artifacts produced by traditional methods. People performing a specific social function or indicative of a specific social group.

Examples: Chairs; Hunting spears; Street vendors; Funerary sculpture; Busts.

Use multiple headings as necessary to describe an object.

Examples: Chairs; Funerary objects; Marquetry. Funerary sculpture; Bas-reliefs

Flora/Fauna typical of the surroundings of ruins or depicted in their decoration.

Examples: Hyenas; Owls; Lotus; Palms.

Inscriptions, Language

The significant type of topographical feature(s) shown in images of the landscape.

Examples: Rivers; Deserts

Additional concepts that are not represented by other data elements but are deemed sufficiently significant to require access points.

Examples: Divinities in art; Solar art.

Suggestion: May use AAT or LC Subject or Name Authority files if terms are found there.



Link to other electronic documents. Use form: Is referenced by: [document URL/Name]

Image number


A unique slide identifier assigned in accession number order.

Transmission data


Insert a unique "place-holder" that will allow electronic insertion of information about the original photograph and of the electronic conversion process.

Includes information about original source format, machine used for conversion and digital version details (file format, resolution, color)

Example: Scanned from photograph using Visioneer 6000 scanner, jpeg factr 32, 300-400 ppi




Creator of original visual imate

Example: Noegel, Scott

Suggestion: Follow Lastname, Firstname format

Date of Photograph


Year the photograph was taken

Example: 1983

Copyright holder

Rights management


Individual or body that retains copyright to the visual image

Example: Noegel, Scott

Suggestion: Lastname, Firstname