Newspaper Genre List

The following list is an attempt to standardize terms used to designate genres of newspapers. The perspective and scope of the list reflects types of papers cataloged by members of the United States Newspaper Program.

The Library of Congress Network Development and MARC Standards Office has assigned the MARC code "ngl" to the Newspaper Genre List. This code may be used in subfield $2 (Source of term) in field 655 (Index Term--Genre/Form).

The intent is for these terms to provide additional access in conjunction with authorized LC subject headings.

Please refer questions, suggestions to:
Jessica Albano, Editor,

Newspaper Genre Terms

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Abolitionist newspapers
USE Anti-slavery newspapers
African American newspapers

UF Afro-American newspapers

UF Black newspapers (American)

UF Negro newspapers (American)

Afro-American newspapers
USE African American newspapers
Agricultural exhibition newspapers

(Use for newspapers which report on competitive exhibitions of farm products, livestock, baked goods, etc. with prizes for excellence, often combined with carnival-like entertainment, and held annually by states, counties, etc.)

RT County fair newspapers

RT State fair newspapers

Agricultural newspapers

(Use for newspapers which feature general news stories and which focus on specific topics such as livestock, animal culture, produce, farm life, etc.)

UF Farm and agricultural newspapers

Alaska Native newspapers

(Use for newspapers written by indigenous groups living in Alaska.)

UF Eskimo newspapers

BT Native American newspapers

Alternative newspapers
USE Underground newspapers
Amateur newspapers

(Use for newspapers written, published and printed by those engaged in these pursuits as a pastime rather than as a profession.)

RT Children's newspapers

American Indian newspapers
USE Native American newspapers
Anarchist newspapers
Anti-Catholic newspapers

(Use for newspapers which regularly feature articles which speak out against Catholicism.)

BT Anti-religious newspapers

Anti-Chinese newspapers
Anti-clerical newspapers
USE Anti-religious newspapers
Anti-clericalism newspapers
USE Anti-religious newspapers
Anti-communist newspapers

RT Communist newspapers

Anti-fascist newspapers
Anti-Masonic newspapers
Anti-prohibition newspapers

RT Prohibition newspapers

RT Temperance newspapers

Anti-religious newspapers

UF Anti-clerical newspapers

UF Anti-clericalism newspapers

NT Anti-Catholic newspapers

RT Atheist newspapers

Anti-slavery newspapers

UF Abolitionist newspapers

UF Antislavery newspapers

RT Pro-slavery newspapers

Anti-war newspapers
USE Pacifist newspapers
Antislavery newspapers
USE Anti-slavery newspapers
Art newspapers

(Use for newspapers covering news about the fine arts.)

Asian American newspapers
Atheist newspapers

RT Anti-religious newspapers

Black newspapers (American)
USE African American newspapers
Booster newspapers
USE Real estate development newspapers
Business and financial newspapers

(Use for newspapers which feature general news and which focus on specific topics such as insurance, investments, marketing, etc.)

UF Commercial newspapers

RT Industry newspapers

Campaign newspapers

(Use for newspapers published during a national or state election year which are party affiliated and usually limited to a calendar year.)

UF Political campaign newspapers

Chicano newspapers
USE Mexican American newspapers
Children's newspapers

(Use for newspapers published by children or specifically for children.)

RT Amateur newspapers

Chinese American newspapers
Civil rights newspapers
Civil service newspapers

BT Labor newspapers

Civilian Conservation Corps newspapers
College student newspapers

(Use for newspapers written by college students about their schools; may include local, national and world news.)

BT Student newspapers

Commercial newspapers
USE Business and financial newspapers
Communist newspapers

RT Anti-communist newspapers

RT Marxist newspapers

RT Socialist newspapers

Community newspapers

(Use for local newspapers published for a particular neighborhood within a city or county jurisdiction.)

UF Neighborhood newspapers

UF Suburban newspapers

Company town newspapers

(Use for newspapers published for towns where one main company employs most of the community.)

Conference newspapers

(Use for newspapers published usually on a daily basis during annual meetings of major organizations.)

Consumer cooperative newspapers
County fair newspapers

RT Agricultural exhibition newspapers

RT State fair newspapers

Disabled newspapers
USE Handicapped persons' newspapers
Entertainment newspapers

UF Popular entertainment newspapers

Environmental newspapers
Eskimo newspapers
USE Alaska Native newspapers
Ethnic newspapers
USE specific two-term descriptors that identify the ethnicity

of the readership (e.g. African American newspapers, Japanese American newspapers, Chinese Canadian newspapers, etc.). One term applies to the readership of the newspaper who identify with a particular ethnicity (e.g. a publication produced by a Punjabi community would receive the term "Punjabi" rather than "Pakistani" or "East Indian"). Another term applies to the larger culture in which the group resides (e.g. American, Canadian).

Farm and agricultural newspapers
USE Agricultural newspapers
Feminist newspapers

(Use for newspapers advocating social and political rights of women equal to men.)

RT Women's newspapers

Fisheries newspapers

BT Industry newspapers

Foreign language newspapers

Code bibliographic record for language. Apply other genre or

subject headings for particular groups if appropriate.

Fraternal newspapers
USE Friendly society newspapers
Free circulation newspapers

UF Free distribution newspapers

Free distribution newspapers
USE Free circulation newspapers
Friendly society newspapers

(Use for newspapers produced under the aegis of the Masons, Odd Fellows, etc.)

UF Fraternal newspapers

Gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender (GLBT) newspapers
USE Gay newspapers
Gay newspapers

UF Gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender (GLBT) newspapers

UF Homosexual newspapers

UF Lesbian newspapers

UF Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) newspapers

UF Queer newspapers


(Use for newspapers sanctioned by the U.S. or state government as official publishers.)

UF Government gazettes

UF Legal gazettes

UF Official gazettes

RT Government newspapers

Ghost town newspapers

(Use for newspapers published in towns which are now abandoned.)

Government gazettes
USE Gazettes
Government newspapers

(Use for newspapers published by government organizations, but not by official publishers, e.g. Native American newspapers published by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.)

RT Gazettes

Handicapped persons' newspapers

(Use for newspapers published for and about the disabled.)

UF Disabled newspapers

High school student newspapers

BT Student newspapers

Hispanic American newspapers

(Use for newspapers by, for, and about U.S. citizens of Latin American descent.)

UF Latino newspapers

NT Mexican American newspapers.

Homosexual newspapers
USE Gay newspapers
Homeless newspapers
USE Street newspapers
Hospital newspapers

BT Medical newspapers

Indian newspapers
USE Native American newspapers
Industry newspapers

(Use for newspapers about profit-making enterprises that produce or supply goods, services, or sources of income.)

NT Fisheries newspapers

NT Lumbering newspapers

NT Maritime newspapers

NT Mining newspapers

RT Business and financial newspapers

Japanese American evacuation and relocation camp newspapers
Japanese American newspapers
Jewish newspapers
Ku Klux Klan newspapers
Labor newspapers

NT Civil service newspapers

NT Trade-union newspapers

RT Unemployment newspapers

Lampoon newspapers

(Use for newspapers which satirize current events and people.)

Latino newspapers
USE Hispanic American newspapers
Law newspapers
USE Lawyers' newspapers
Lawyers' newspapers

(Use for newspapers produced for and by lawyers.)

UF Law newspapers

UF Legal newspapers

Legal gazettes
USE Gazettes
Legal newspapers
USE Lawyers' newspapers
Lesbian newspapers
USE Gay newspapers
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) newspapers
USE Gay newspapers
Literary newspapers
Lumbering newspapers

BT Industry newspapers

Manuscript newspapers

(Use for newspapers produced in long hand script.)

Maritime newspapers

RT Ship newspapers

BT Industry newspapers

Marxist newspapers

RT Communist newspapers

RT Socialist newspapers

Medical newspapers

NT Hospital newspapers

Mexican American newspapers

UF Chicano newspapers

BT Hispanic American newspapers

Migrant labor camp newspapers
Military base newspapers

UF Military post newspapers

Military post newspapers
USE Military base newspapers
Mining newspapers

BT Industry newspapers

Minority newspapers
USE specific descriptors, e.g. Jewish newspapers, Gay newspapers, etc.)
Mission newspapers

(Use for newspapers produced for local or national Evangelical or missionary audiences. May be published by a church or non-

denominational group.)

Multicultural newspapers

(Use for newspapers about multicultural issues, racial equality or diversity. Also use for newspapers covering issues of more than one ethnic group.)

Native American newspapers

(Also apply other genre or subject headings for particular tribes and geographic locations if appropriate, e.g. Blackfoot newspapers, Lummi newspapers, Yakama newspapers, etc. See also note at Tribal newspapers.)

UF American Indian newspapers

UF Indian newspapers

NT Alaska Native newspapers

Negro newspapers (American)
USE African American newspapers
Neighborhood newspapers
USE Community newspapers
Non-partisan newspapers
Official gazettes
USE Gazettes
Pacifist newspapers

UF Anti-war newspapers

Political campaign newspapers
USE Campaign newspapers
Political party newspapers
USE specific party descriptors, e.g. Democratic Party newspapers, Republican Party newspapers, Whig Party newspapers, etc.
Popular entertainment newspapers
USE Entertainment newspapers
Prison newspapers
Prohibition newspapers

(Use for newspapers advocating the legal prevention of the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages.)

RT Anti-prohibition newspapers

RT Temperance newspapers

Propaganda newspapers

(Use for newspapers produced by a group or movement organized for spreading a particular doctrine or system of principles.)

Pro-life newspapers
Pro-slavery newspapers

UF Slavery newspapers

RT Anti-slavery newspapers

NT Secession newspapers

Queer newspapers
USE Gay newspapers
Real estate development newspapers

(Use for newspapers primarily intended to promote local economic activity by touting the assets of the community.)

UF Booster newspapers

Referendum newspapers

(Use for newspapers of limited duration established and printed in support of local or state political issues.)

Religious denomination newspapers
USE specific descriptors, e.g. Baptist newspapers, Catholic newspapers, Non-denominational newspapers, etc.
Resort newspapers

(Use for local newspapers published for seasonal tourist audiences.)

Retirees' newspapers
School newspapers

(Use for newspapers created by schools, but generally not by the student body, e.g. Indian school newspapers)

RT Student newspapers

Secession newspapers

BT Pro-slavery newspapers

RT States' rights newspapers

Ship newspapers

RT Maritime newspapers

Shopper's guides
USE Shopping guides
Shopping guides

(Use for local newspapers which are primarily advertising media but which may include substantive local news items and articles.)

UF Shopper's guides

Slavery newspapers
USE Pro-slavery newspapers
Socialist newspapers

RT Communist newspapers

RT Marxist newspapers

Sports newspapers
State fair newspapers

(Use for newspapers of annual state agricultural exhibitions.)

RT Agricultural exhibition newspapers

RT County fair newspapers

States' rights newspapers

(Use for newspapers advocating the strict interpretation of the Constitution, by which all rights not specifically delegated to the federal government belong to the states.)

RT Secession newspapers

Street newspapers

UF Homeless newspapers

Strike newspapers

(Use for newspapers associated with labor strikes.)

RT Trade-union newspapers

Student newspapers

NT College student newspapers

NT High school student newspapers

RT School newspapers

Suburban newspapers
USE Community newspapers
Suffrage newspapers
Summer camp newspapers
Syndicalist newspapers
Tabloid newspapers

(Use for newspapers characterized by sensationalism, usually of a small size and presenting news in a concise form.)

Tax reform newspapers

(Use for newspapers advocating tax reform.)

Temperance newspapers

(Use for newspapers advocating abstinence from the use of alcohol or prohibition by law of the sale of or manufacture of alcohol.)

RT Anti-prohibition newspapers

RT Prohibition newspapers

Trade-union newspapers

UF Union newspapers

BT Labor newspapers

RT Strike newspapers

Tribal newspapers
USE descriptors that identify tribal community or communities for whom the newspaper is published, e.g. Cheyenne newspapers, Lummi newspapers. Assign also the descriptor Native American newspapers.
Underground newspapers

(Use for newspapers published or produced by political or social radicals or nonconformists.)

UF Alternative newspapers

Unemployment newspapers

RT Labor newspapers

Union newspapers
USE Trade-union newspapers
Utopian newspapers

(Use for newspapers associated with the expression of visionary or ideal schemes for the perfection of social or political conditions.)

Veterans' newspapers
Women's newspapers

(Use for newspapers whose intended audience is women.)

RT Feminist newspapers